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Disability Definitions

Sobre-discapacidad

Taken from the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, CDPD; American Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Persons with Disabilities, CIADDIS and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, Health and, CIF.

Disability

Disability is an evolving concept that results from the interaction between persons with impairments and barriers linked to attitudinal and environmental barriers that hinders their full and effective participation in society, on an equal basis with others.

Disability, means a physical, mental or sensorial, either permanent or temporary, limiting the ability to perform one or more essential activities of daily living, which can be caused or aggravated by the economic and social environment.

People with disabilities

Persons with disabilities include those who have physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which, interaction with various barriers, may hinder their full and effective participation in society, on an equal basis with others.

Right way to go:

  • People with disabilities (general)
  • Blind or visually impaired
  • Deaf or hearing impaired
  • People with physical disabilities
  • People with intellectual disabilities

Misconceptions that should no longer be used:

  • Invalid
  • Handicapped
  • Disabled
  • Handicapped
  • Kept
  • One-armed
  • Paralytic
  • Ill
  • Special people with special abilities or
  • Deaf-mute